PILOT TRAINING ARTICLE
ETC’s UPRT Course Satisfies FAA Requirements for Training
On November 12, 2013, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issued a final rule change to 14 CFR Part 121, which revised pilot training requirements for commercial air carriers. This ruling by the FAA, in conjunction with the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) was issued after the determination that LOC-I, in many cases due to upset, is the number one cause of transport category fatal accidents. The revised regulations are intended to enhance pilot training programs by adding safety-critical skills, such as recovery from stalls and/or flight upsets to the training curriculum. This type of training will further develop pilots’ manual flying skills and should reduce the number of aviation mishaps.
To meet these new training requirements, ETC developed the Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT) program. This program comprises focused classroom instruction on causes and preventative measures for upsets and recovery techniques combined with flights in our G-producing flight simulators. Our unique devices allow pilots to physically experience the G forces and dynamic nature of flight upsets while applying proper recovery techniques. Pilots also have the option to experience spatial disorientation illusions within the GYROLAB GL-2000.
About the Curriculum
All ETC UPRT training classes begin with academic instruction. Topics relevant to flight upset conditions, prevention and recovery are addressed. Techniques on identifying potentially adverse flight events, and conditions conducive to upsets are identified along with corrective measures to successfully fly out of any challenging situation. After the classroom portion, pilots apply the techniques they just learned in the GL-2000.
The UPRT training program provides a low risk and cost-effective method to increase training readiness for all pilots. This program is offered for both initial and recurrent training.
About the Simulators
ETC utilizes the GL-2000 to provide a unique motion platform for the flight training sessions. The motion platform provides up to 2.5 Gs sustained, along its planetary axis. Simultaneous 360° rotation in pitch, roll and yaw accompany the G. This unique motion capability produces the realistic and accurate flight dynamics associated with an aircraft upset, thus enabling the trainee to experience the real physiological, dynamic, and startling effects of an upset condition.
Unlike other more commonly utilized 6 DOF flight simulators that provide only motion cueing and fail to replicate positive and negative G’s (as specifically mentioned in the FAA Airplane Upset Recovery Training Aid) the GL-2000 has the ability to physically invert a pilot while providing sustained G forces, exactly like the aircraft during an upset. The pilot is provided a realistic flight condition, in a safe training environment. Thus, identification, avoidance and recovery skills can be learned and repeatedly practiced in a safe, non-threatening, ground based environment. This exclusive program enables each pilot to receive essential, real-time instructor critique and enables targeted corrective actions to be implemented based on existing trainee skill sets.
Upon completion of the ETC UPRT course, pilots are prepared to recognize those conditions which lead to stalls, upsets and other adverse flight events, and possess the skills to prevent or overcome these problems. Pilots’ flight skills are expanded so they take corrective action quicker and more effectively, thus improving survivability skills in the event of an adverse event. All pilots will walk away with a higher level of confidence and enhanced skills so they may take corrective actions for that once in a lifetime event.
Since 1969, ETC has been leading the way in full motion flight simulation and training by providing simulators and training to military and commercial pilots in over 80 countries around the world. The Upset Recovery Training Program has been developed utilizing valuable data derived from the outcome of two research projects conducted in house, in our GYROLAB GL-2000; one for the FAA’s Civil Aerospace Medical Institute and the other for NASA’s Langley Research Center.